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Carl D. Greenleaf, 1948, 1968


Scope and Contents note

From the Fonds:

Photography has always been important to the National Music Camp, and photos exist from the earliest years of the Camp. Beginning in circa 1944, a concerted effort was made each year to fully document camp life. A professional photographer was on site throughout the season, taking high quality, usually staged, photographs. These consisted of group shots of each of the camper cabins, and numerous individual shots of campers and instructors. These photos were developed on-site in the campus darkroom.

The campers at NMC were divided into age groups called Junior, Intermediate and High School. There was also a University contingent from the University of Michigan for many years. The sequence of negatives reflects these divisions. Two other typical divisions are General camp photos and Post-camp photos. General photos are often simply of the High Schoolers who constituted the majority of the campers at NMC, but also include more generic and candid shots of camp life. Post-camp indicates that camp had concluded, and these photos document the routines associated with closing down the camp for the summer.

When the Arts Academy began in the 1962-63 school year, the tradition of photography was continued, and similar high-quality shots were taken of the students. Theses are generally all numbered sequentially, and not divided into the four classes of Freshman, Sophomore, etc. It was around this time that the 4 x 5 large format was supplemented, and then supplanted, by the 120 film medium format, approximately 2.25" x 2.25".


  • 1948
  • 1968

Biographical / Historical

Carl Diamond Greenleaf was an Ohio millner, who bought the Conn company, the instrument manufacturer, along with much of the property backing the bonds. Carl Greenleaf, along with his chosen successors Paul Gazlay and Carl’s son Leland Greenleaf, accomplished tremendous transformation and growth. The company was reincorporated as CG Conn Ltd,. Greenleaf was obviously a man to see if you had an idea or wanted to get something done. One of the more fortuitous events of this kind occured one day when two music educators appeared at Mr. Greenleaf's office with an easy method music book for beginning bands. Mr. Greenleaf knew the band movement was plagued by a lack of just such music, geared to young groups, yet interesting enough to motivate the players. In looking over the material presented by the two men, Joseph E. Maddy and T.P. Giddings, he particularly noted that in every tune there was at least one part where each instrument carried the air for a few bars. This was intended to maintain the interest of the children. Mr. Greenleaf was quite impressed and arranged for Conn to publish the method. It was called the "Universal Teacher" and became a landmark in education. A few years later, as a result of the success of the band contests, Mr. Maddy and Mr. Giddings decided there should be a permanent place where the contests and other large-scale musical events could be held every year. Mr. Maddy approached Mr. Greenleaf with plans for such an installation at Interlochen, Michigan. Mr. Greenleaf obtained loans from Conn and other companies totaling $15,000 for construction of what became known as the Interlochen Bowl. With a loan from band instrument manufacturers plus a personal gift from Greenleaf and additional funds from Traverse City bankers, construction of the camp began. Out of this came the famous National Music Camp at Interlochen - the first of many such camps that today offer scholarships and facilities for musicians and composers as well as music festivals and other programs. Mr Greenleaf's association with the camp at Interlochen as benefactor and friend was lifelong, and the camp is now the home of the important Greenleaf collection, composed of antique and unusual instruments from around the world.


2 Photographic Prints : 1 - 8" x 10" - b&w print of Greenleaf shaking hands with Dr. Joseph E. Maddy 1 - 8" x 10" - b&w print of Greenleaf standing with Dr. Joseph E. Maddy and unidentified man

Language of Materials



8" x 10" - print of Carl D. Greenleaf (right) shaking hands with Dr. Joseph E. Maddy (left) 8" x 10" - print of Carl D. Greenleaf (right) standing with Dr. Joseph E. Maddy (left) and unidentified man (center)

Repository Details

Part of the Archives of Interlochen Center for the Arts Repository

Bonisteel Library
4000 Highway M-137
Interlochen MI 49643 USA